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EARLY SETTLEMENT OF SOUTHWESTERN MICHIGAN

BY A. B. COPLEY.
June 7, 1882.

This change was not satisfactory to the Indians, who favored the French who were always more popular with them, and in 1762 this feeling enabled Pontiac to arrange his conspiracy with the Indians to overthrow the military power of the English, which came near being successful. The fort at St. Joseph was assigned for destruction to the Pottawattomies, it being in their own country. The garrison at the time consisting of fourteen soldiers, under command of an ensign, were deceived in the usual manner by a request for a talk, and then massacred; all being killed but three soldiers and the officer, who were taken to Detroit and exchanged for captives held by Maj. Gladwin, taken during the siege of that place. It is not positively known whether the fort was mentioned as a military post after the massacre, or not; but about the close of the revolutionary war a trader named William Burnett, from New Jersey, established a trading post, which was maintained till the permanent settlement of the whites. Some of his account books are extant, which show his business to have been varied and extensive, as he wholesaled or supplied goods for a trader named Joseph Bert-rand, who traded on the river above where Niles now stands and other stations south and west. The books found contain accounts from 1792 to 1802, ledger B reaching from '92 to '99; probably ledger A reached seven years previous, at least during the period mentioned it seems to have been the practice for vessels to bring supplies and take furs and sugar for return cargoes, one invoice mentioning sugar to the amount of 1, 695 pounds.

MICHIGAN


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