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THE MICHIGAN AND OHIO BOUNDARY LINE

BY FRANK E. ROBSON ESQ.

In spite of his opinion the Territory of Michigan continued to exercise authority over the land between ''Fulton's" and "Harris' line. "
Governor Cass in his message to the territorial council under date of January 5, 1831, again called their attention to the matter of the disputed boundary. ~No active steps were taken, however, on the part of Michigan officials to obtain a settlement of the boundary line and perhaps it was not considered essential, from the fact that the territorial authorities were actually in possession and exercising acts of government over the territory in dispute. Between this time and 1835 Ohio was making successive attempts ¦ to have Congress recognize the ''Harris line" as the northern boundary of the state, but none of its efforts were successful.
In 1834 it became certain that Michigan would soon ask admission into the union, and a census was ordered by the council, called together by acting Gov. Mason. This census showed that within the limits of the original territory of Michigan, as set off by the act of 1805, there were 87, 273 free inhabitants, while but 60,000 inhabitants would entitle her to become a state.
January 20, 1835, an act was passed appointing an election of delegates to form a constitution and state government. In pursuance of this act an election was held in April, 1835, and the convention was to meet in Detroit in May. A constitution was adopted by this convention and submitted to the people in October.
This preparation on the part of the people of Michigan territory to establish a state government aroused the people of Ohio to take more active steps to protect what they conceived to be their rights. For some time prior to 1835 the counties of Wood, Henry, and Williams, in Ohio, had attempted to levy upon and collect taxes from the inhabitants of the disputed territory, but their action was repudiated by the people living there and nothing came of it.

MICHIGAN


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