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THE MICHIGAN AND OHIO BOUNDARY LINE

BY FRANK E. ROBSON ESQ.

By this time the navigation of the Maumee to the foot of the rapids, at Perrysburg and Maumee, " two small towns about ten miles from Toledo, "was ascertained to be not as good as to Toledo, and therefore the authorities of the state deemed it of the utmost consequence to have the territory including Toledo, for the termination of the canal. "
From the time of the admission of Ohio until it became certain that Michigan was about to become a member of the union, the matter in controversy remained unsettled, neither party making any active effort to obtain the territory in dispute. The authorities of Michigan were exercising jurisdiction over this territory, and representatives of Ohio in Congress were making efforts on every possible occasion to have that body in some manner assent to the proposed boundary already noticed, and congress as often striking from proposed measures, provisions looking towards that end. And every action taken by congress in the matter up to the final settlement did recognize the right of the territory of Michigan to exercise jurisdiction over the disputed ground.
The land in contest was a part of Wayne county, and was so recognized by the authorities of Ohio in selecting delegates to form a constitution under the congressional enabling act of 1802. The act itself cut off Wayne county "from a voice or interest in the new state; " and delegates from Wayne county were not admitted to the Ohio convention.
An effort to have the exact line ascertained was provided for by an act of congress of May 20, 1812, which provided "that the surveyor general, under the directions of the president, ***** cause to be surveyed, marked and designated so much of the western and northern boundaries of the state of Ohio, * * * not already * * * ascertained, as divides" Ohio "from the territories of Michigan and Indiana. " Under the provisions of this act the surveyor general in 1817 directed one William Harris to run the line.

MICHIGAN


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