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THE MICHIGAN AND OHIO BOUNDARY LINE

BY FRANK E. ROBSON ESQ.

This fact was undoubtedly known to the convention which adopted the constitution under which Ohio was admitted; at least they considered it probable that it might intersect Lake Erie at some point below the mouth of the Maumee. In the Ohio constitution of 1802 the sixth section of the seventh article declares the state to be bounded "on the north by an east and west line drawn through the southerly extreme of Lake Michigan, running cast after intersecting the due north line aforesaid, from the mouth of the Great Miami, " (that is the boundary line between Ohio and Indiana) "until it shall intersect Lake Erie or the territorial line, " etc. "Provided, always, and it is hereby fully understood and declared by this convention, that if the southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michigan should extend so far south, that a line drawn due east from it should not intersect Lake Erie, or if it should intersect east of the Miami river of the lake, then, and in that case, with the assent of the congress of the United States, the northern boundary of this state, shall be established by and extended to, a direct line running from the southern extremity of Lake Michigan, to the most northerly cape of the Miami bay, after intersecting the due north line from the Great Miami, " etc.
The act of congress of February 19, 1903, which recognized Ohio as a state, makes no allusion to the boundaries in the body of the act, but the preamble recites that, "the people of the eastern division of the territory northwest of the river Ohio, did. on the 29th day of November" 1802 "form themselves a constitution and state government" * * * * "in pursuance of an act of congress" * * * "whereby the said State has become one of the United States of America.

MICHIGAN


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