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Michigan CHAPTER Nine

Final Success of the English


WITH Pitt dominating the British Cabinet there came a brighter day for the American colonies. The halfhearted indifference which had hitherto prevailed gave place to sympathetic and earnest support. Instead of saddling the cost of defence upon the already impoverished colonies he assumed for the English government the support of the war and announced that the money already spent should be refunded. Arms, ammunition, clothing and pay were to be provided for those who would enlist. This liberal policy speedily brought into camp fifty thousand men, which was more than the entire male population of New France at that time. Lord Jeffrey Amherst was appointed commander in chief, with James Wolfe, a brilliant and rising young officer, as his lieutenant. It was arranged that Amherst himself should lead the expedition against Louisburg and Quebec; General John Forbes was to take command of an expedition to capture Fort Duquesne and to take possession of the Ohio Valley; Lord Abercrombie, with whom was associated Lord Howe, was assigned to the capture of Fort Ticonderoga. June 8, 1758, Amherst who had brought with him twelve thousand troops, landed with his forces near Louisburg. In the landing of the troops Wolfe led the first division and was the first man on the shore, having leaped from his boat into the water to lead the van. The disembarking of the troops was protected by the firing from the ships of the fleet under Boscawen, and the French deserted their outposts and fled to the protection of the fortress. The siege lasted fifty days. During the bombardment the French shipping in the harbor was destroyed and the town and fortifications suffered great damage. Seeing no hope of relief and with forces badly crippled the French accepted the inevitable and surrendered. This meant the giving up to the English of the islands of Prince Edward and Cape Breton with five thousand prisoners and an immense quantity of military stores.

Michigan


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