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Michigan Chapter Eight

Border Wars of the Colonists

Strange to say, in spite of the palpable fiasco, Johnson reaped great glory from the campaign. His renown spread to Europe. Parliament voted him five thousand pounds and the king made him a baronet.
To Governor Shirley of Massachusetts had been assigned the capture of Forts Frontenac and Niagara. He was a major-general and after the death of Braddock the command of the militia devolved upon him. His army for the campaign was assembled at Albany at the same time that the Crown Point army was encamped near that city. His force had not been recruited to the extent intended. It consisted of a regiment from New Jersey and known as the Jersey Blues, together with two regiments paid by the king and known as regulars, though in reality raw recruits, raised wherever men could be found to enlist. They were utterly untried and though fairly fell equipped, found their commissariat and bureau of transportation quite unequal to the demands. They numbered about fifteen hundred all told. It does not appear that there were any Indian allies attached to this expedition. No time was wasted in departing for the scene of operations and the whole army was soon assembled at Oswego. Here there was exasperating delay in the matter of transportation and supplies. Fort Frontenac was fifty miles away across the lake. To reach it required many boats and men skilled in navigating them. Moreover at Frontenac was a French force of fourteen hundred regulars and Canadians, well provided with everything necessary, including vessels for crossing the lake and attacking Oswego. Here was presented to Shirley a puzzling problem. With his small force and limited means of transportation to cross the lake and attack a fortified place, garrisoned with experienced veterans seemed a foolhardy thing. On the other hand, if he should pass on to. Niagara the French, who knew all about the plan of campaign through papers captured from Braddock, could cross over, take Oswego, and thus cut off his supplies and place him in jeopardy, with the enemy in his rear.

Michigan


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