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Michigan Chapter Seven

Dangers Which Surrounded the New Settlements

He married a daughter of Abraham Martin, the French settler, after whom the celebrated plains of Abraham, just outside of Quebec, were named. After her death which followed shortly he married a sister of Radisson and henceforth the fortunes of the two adventurers ran along the same lines. They went together on many western expeditions. They were the first white men to explore the north shore of Lake Superior. Passing to the extreme western end of the lake and continuing their journey in a southwesterly direction they came among a band of the Hurons who had been driven thither by the Iroquois. These savages having firearms were able to maintain themselves against the bloodthirsty Sioux and they had traversed the country adjacent to the Mississippi as far as Lake Pepin. Upon the information furnished by the Indians, Groseilliers and Radisson pushed on and wintered among the "Mille Lacs" of Minnesota. They traveled extensively among the Sioux penetrating into Dakota. They explored the region of Lake of the Woods and Rainy Lakes and on to the shores of Hudson's bay. After an absence of two years they returned to Montreal in 1660 with marvellous stories of the country they had visited, and a large quantity of furs. As they had left without a proper permit they were immediately arrested for illicit trading and were fined ten thousand livres. Smarting under the injustice of such a fine they went to France to secure its remission and to interest the French people in an expedition to be sent out to explore Hudson's bay. In both these efforts they were unsuccessful. Deeply hurt by what they considered persecution and influenced in all probability by the fact that they were protestants, they now turned toward the English.

Michigan


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