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Michigan Chapter Six

Cadillac as Feudal Lord

He contributed the principal cost of maintaining the church and the priest, though all the members of the congregation were expected to help according to their means. The church itself with its bell and altar and all its paraphernalia and the vestments belonged to Cadillac. He assumed supervision over artisans who were obliged to obtain license from him to practice their trades. The blacksmith and the carpenter must not only have license but they must pay annual tribute, usually in labor in the line of their calling. All the grain for the colony must be ground at his mill and pay toll. In 1706 he brought ten head of cattle and three horses to the place. These animals were very useful, but there were none owned by the farmers.
When Cadillac was suddenly relieved of his command in 1711 and ordered away to his post as governor of Louisiana an inventory of his effects left behind was made by his trusted friend Peter Roy. * In 1718 after his return to France he complained to the Council of the Navy that he had been unjustly treated and had suffered financial loss by reason of his removal from Detroit. He had reimbursed the Company for their goods, with a large profit added; at his individual expense he had provided transportation for two hundred soldiers, had paid substantial wages to sixty Canadians, had taken out forty families, to some of whom he had advanced moneys which were not repaid to him; he had taken out horned cattle, oxen and cows and nearly all sorts of domestic animals; he had brought out a quantity of fruit trees, had built a windmill, enlarged the fort by four other bastions, built houses, barns, ice houses and breweries, and did his best, and more than could have been expected, to establish a colony quickly.

Michigan


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