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MICHIGAN CHAPTER 17

Close of the Revolution and Surrender of Michigan to the United States


THE treaty of peace of November, 1782, I provided that "His Britannic majesty shall, with all convenient speed, and without causing any destruction or carrying away any negroes or other property of the American inhabitants, withdraw all his armies, garrisons and fleets from the United States, and from every part, place and harbor within the same; leaving in all fortifications the American artillery that may be therein; and shall order and cause all archives, records, deeds and papers belonging to any of th'e said States or their citizens, which in the course of the war may have fallen into the hands of his officers, to be forthwith restored and delivered to the proper States and persons to whom they belong. " By a subsequent article it was stipulated that five months should be the utmost term for the validity of hostile acts. The final treaty of September, 1783, reaffirmed all these articles as of the preceding date. By the terms of this treaty the international boundary line between the possessions of Great Britain and those of the United States ran through the middle of Lakes Ontario, Erie and Huron and their connecting water-ways, and through Lake Superior to the northward of Isle Royale and thence by the grand portage to the Lake of the Woods, embracing so far as the northwest is concerned, the entire region to the eastward of the Mississippi river. The maps which accompanied this treaty left no doubt that the whole of Michigan, as at present constituted, was within the United States. Nevertheless, the British forces showed no inclination to vacate the fort at Detroit. General Washington sent a messenger to Governor Haldimand to establish a date for the actual surrender of the western posts.

MICHIGAN


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