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MICHIGAN CHAPTER 12

Complete Defeat of the Savages

Thus matters moved along until midsummer, when a new policy was entered upon. Sir William Johnson and his deputy, George Croghan, addressed to the British Lords of Trade a memorial suggesting a course of procedure intended to conciliate the Indian tribes and establish settled peace. This plan was taken up by the British government and put into execution. It contemplated a treaty with each of the separate tribes by which, for suitable compensation, they would agree to alienate their title to certain lands which could then be thrown open to actual settlement by whites. Before this could be carried into effect, however, it was essential to subdue the hostile tribes by force of arms. For this purpose two armies were raised. The first was placed under the command of Colonel Bouquet with orders to proceed to Fort Pitt and from that as a base of operations to chastise the adjacent tribes. The second army was given in charge of Colonel Bradstreet to ascend the lakes and subjugate the savages at Detroit and beyond. He arrived at Detroit near the end of August and never was relief more cordially welcomed. For fifteen months the beleaguered garrison, had suffered untold hardships and privations. It was now relieved and the new army took its place on the ramparts. Negotiations were at once opened with the various tribes. Councils were held and moderation and conciliation characterised all their proceedings. The savages had been thoroughly impressed with the idea that there was to be no trifling; that they must acknowledge the sovereignty of the king of England. The last glimmer of hope of the restoration of the power of France had faded. The tribes came in and signed the treaty and thereafter the king of England, instead of the king of France, was the acknowledged father, and by the same token all Englishmen became brothers.

MICHIGAN


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