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A HISTORY OF THE PRESS OF MICHIGAN

PREPARED FOR THE CENTENNIAL BY ORDER OF GOV. JOHN J. BAGLEY TOM S. APPLEGATE, COMPILER
Section I

Of the secular papers, the first established in the county (December, 1836), was The Calhoun County Patriot. Henry C. Bunce was the projector. It was printed at Marshall, and was democratic in politics. January 1, 1841, the name was changed to The Democratic Expounder and Calhoun County Patriot, which title was retained until March, 1875, when the last half of the name was dropped. The founder of the paper retired from its management about 1853. " The present publisher, Z. H. Denison, assumed charge October 1, 1875. In 1839, also at Marshall, Seth Lewis established The Statesman. Morgan Bates is the present proprietor. It is republican in politics. The first paper published in Battle Creek was commenced in 1845, by Leonard Stillson. It was called the Western Citizen, and was democratic in politics. Mr. W. W. Woolnough came from Rochester, X. Y., with the material. To him the compiler is indebted for many of the following facts: The Citizen lived about a year, and in August, 1846, W. W. Woolnough issued the first number of a new whig paper, called The Michigan Tribune. The Tribune gave up the ghost after nearly two years of life. In 1848 The Liberty Press was started by Messrs. Dougherty & Woolnough, as publishers, and Hon. Erastus Hussey, as editor. It was the organ of the Liberty party in the State, and was designed to fill the place of the old Signal of Liberty, which had been published at Ann Arbor. In 1849 fire destroyed the office. and for a time Battle Creek was without a paper. In 1850 the Journal was established by Mr. Woolnough, who published it until 1863, when it was sold to Mr. Charles E. Griffith, who continued to publish it for nearly four years, when he disposed of it to Hon, George Willard, the present proprietor. Though the Journal was originally a whig paper, it urged the disbanding of that party and the formation of the republican, which party it has since supported. The Journal publishes a daily as well as a weekly edition.

MICHIGAN PRESS


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