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HISTORY OF HORTICULTURE IN MICHIGAN

BY J. C. HOLIES, OF DETROIT

Apricots and nectarines we found were too tender for cultivation in this climate.
The principal varieties of cherries. cultivated at that time were the Amber Heart, American Heart, Black Heart, Black Tartarian, May Duke, Ox Heart, Carnation, and White. Tartarian. The plums were Coe's Golden Drop, Duane's Purple, Green Gage, Bleeker's Gage, Huling's Superb, Smith's Orleans, Washington, Yellow Crage.
The persons making the first and largest purchases of trees from the nursery, except in our immediate vicinity, were John Bertram, J. Henry. J. D. Pierce, Sidney Ketchum, George Ketchum, C. I). Smith. Isaac E. Crary, and others of Marshall and vicinity. In the course of the first five years of our nursery we sold trees that went to Lenawee, Hillsdale, Branch, St. Joseph, Kalamazoo, Jackson, Kent, Shiawassee, Genesee, Oakland, Livingston, Wayne and other counties in the state.
There has been a decided improvement in the varieties of fruit since we started the Ypsilanti nursery, particularly in pears. A large number of the varieties we brought to Michigan proved to be worthless; so also with our collection of apples, a large number of the varieties proved to be unworthy of cultivation in this state. Of the persons who started nurseries in Michigan between 1837 and 1S40, I remember the names of Willis of Battle Creek, Dunham near Kalamazoo, and White near Monroe. Most of them closed their nurseries within a few years. "
In 1841 George Foster started a small nursery in Detroit, ¦ on Michigan avenue, near Cass street, and in connection therewith a seed store on Jefferson avenue, between Woodward avenue and Bates street. The nursery was called the Detroit Nursery.

HORTICULTURE


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