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HISTORY OF HORTICULTURE IN MICHIGAN

BY J. C. HOLIES, OF DETROIT

In an English fruit book, by William Forsyth, published in 1S02, in his list of apples introduced into England from France, I find mentioned Le Calville d'Autonme, which, judging from Forsyth's description, I think must be the nameless»apple that I have alluded to. Besides this variety, he mentions the Pomme Gris, from Canada, and. the red and the white Calville as being highly esteemed in England. The Snow apple, or Pomme de Neige, or Fameuse, known by all these names, is also mentioned by Forsyth. All the fruit books speak of it as a native of Canada, with one exception, viz. Chauncey Goodrich, in his "Northern Fruit Oulturist, " published in Burlington, Vermont, says: "This fruit is said to be a native of Montreal; we believe it was brought from France by the first settlers of Canada. Wherever they went, either in Canada or the United States, they planted this apple. " In Hovey's Magazine of Horticulture for 1851, under the head of "Descriptions and Engravings of Select Varieties of Apples, " he says; "The Fameuse, though an apple of American origin, and known to most European writers on fruit, from the time of Forsyth, does not appear to have been generally known to American Pomological authors. Neither Thatcher or Cox, the earliest authorities, notice it; Mr. Kenrick was the first to give a full account of it in his American Orchardist. That a variety of so much merit should not have been long since more extensively cultivated, is somewhat surprising; for as an autumn apple, both on the score of beauty and excellence, it has few superiors. "

HORTICULTURE


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