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DETROIT IN 1838

BY HENRY A. FORD

From the Cape of Good Hope to Labrador and Greenland, and from the steppes of Asiatic Russia to the deep forests of the new world, their mission stations have been planted with astonishing success. From Bethlehem the missions, principally among the Delaware Indians, were pushed rapidly westward into the tangled wilderness, during the latter half of the eighteenth century, until in 1771 they paused for a time in the fertile valleys of the Tusearawas and the Muskingum. Here were founded stations of some permanence, bearing the beautiful names of Schonbrunn, ''The Shining Spring; " Lichtenau, '"The Pasture of Light; " Salem, "Peace, " and Gnadenhutten, "The Tents of Grace. " The last was a favorite designation among the Moravians, no fewer than five of their American stations bearing it, including that founded in Michigan. In the Ohio country the founder and continuing head of the mission was the Rev. David Zeisberger, for sixty two years a most devoted and energetic servant of the church among the aborigines. He was born at the hamlet of Zauchtenthal, Moravia, April 11, 1721, and ended a career of great usefulness in his 88th year, at Goshen, in the Tuscarawas valley. He was the founder of New Gnadenhutten, near Mt. Clemens, Mich., and thus has place among the heroes of our state history. His biographer, Bishop de Sehweinitz, describes him as of small figure, but well proportioned; his face pleasing and cheerful, but seamed by endless care and the exposures of his long life among the savages; his dress neat and plain. He had become taciturn as an Indian, and often spoke in terms rather befitting the council house than a Christian church.

DETROIT MICHIGAN


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