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Michigan

Select Michigan Counties

The surface of the county is undulating. The soil ranges all the way from very good to poor. Some portions of every town are highly productive, and that I have designated as poor is but a small fraction of the whole. The soil may be said to be a sandy loam, abounding in lime and humus, with a substratum of porous sand-rock. This species of rock, while readily admitting the passage of water through it, also retains a large amount, so that the necessary moisture of the superincumbent soil always insures good crops. This characteristic of the substratum renders under-draining less efficacious and necessary than where the soil rests upon a hard-pan, composed of a cementing clay and coarse gravel. Just here let me say, that I use the term " less efficacious and necessary " as diminishing the degree of necessity, for in my judgment all our lands would be more easily and thoroughly worked, and with more remunerative crops, if under-draining was universally practiced. The climate is changeable-often sudden and extreme changes occur in a short period of time, and yet this county compares favorably as to its productiveness and general health with her sister counties, and with other regions in the same latitude. In its primeval state it is said to have been surpassingly beautiful. In the spring and summer the whole landscape was an unbroken sea of grass and flowers.

Michigan Counties


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