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A HISTORY OF THE ASYLUMS FOR THE INSANE IN MICHIGAN

BY HENRY M. HURD, M. D.

It is not probable from present appearances that additional asylums of a similar grade will be erected for some years to come. It is, however, almost certain that the present asylums will be extended in the line of the colony extension which has been made at Kalamazoo within the past two years, or the cottage extension at Pontiac and Traverse City. Auxiliary buildings will undoubtedly be erected in connection with each one of the asylums, as the necessities of the institutions seem to require, and the increase of the insanity of the State may demand. There are at present in connection with the asylums, 2,301 patients under treatment, including 113 at the criminal asylum.
The erection of an asylum for insane criminals at Ionia, grew out of the necessity of providing accommodation for convict insane, who for many years bad been cared for in connection with the State Prison at Jackson, in inadequate and uncomfortable quarters; also of the necessity of providing for the discharged convict insane, who had been transferred to the asylums of the State upon the expiration of their terms of sentence. After proper representations made to the legislature, and careful study of the subject, the legislature of 1883 decided to erect an asylum for one hundred patients, in connection with the reformatory at Ionia. They also enlarged the scope of the asylum so as to include not only convict insane and discharged convicts, but also the homicidal insane of the State. This building was located in 1384 and completed for the accommodation of patients in 1885. It now gives accommodation to upwards of one hundred patients. It is under the management of the board of control of the State Reformatory, at Ionia. Its cost has been about $93,702,00.

MICHIGAN ASYLUMS


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